Tinnitus can be caused by loud noises, excessive cerumen or auditory canal obstruction, disorders of the cervical vertebrae or the temporomandibular joint, allergies, underactive thyroid, cardiovascular disease, tumors, conductive hearing loss, anxiety, depression, degeneration of bones in the middle ear, infections, or trauma to the head or ear. In addition, more than 200 prescription and nonprescription drugs list it as a potential side effect, aspirin being the most common. It has a significant impact on daily life even in those with normal or very mildly impaired hearing. It is exacerbated by noise and increases in severity over time in many elders.
The treatment for tinnitus will depend on many factors. In some people the noise is soft and barely noticeable, while in others the noise seems crashingly loud and can prevent the person from sleeping. The cause of this often distressing symptom can arise in any section of a person’s hearing apparatus, from the outside of the ear to the intricate neural pathways in the brain. At a minimum it can be a nuisance; in a more extreme form it can cause lack of sleep or depression and has even been associated with suicide. People who have tinnitus worry about doing anything to their ears for fear it could make their tinnitus worse. People who do not have tinnitus worry they may get it. This concern can sometimes cause people to avoid hearing aids. But hearing aids does not cause tinnitus. In face it can be used for tinnitus relief.